Iron Deficiency/

Iron deficiency \ anemia

Role of Iron:

Iron is an essential element for blood production. 70 percent of your body's iron is found in the red blood cells of blood called hemoglobin and in muscle cells called myoglobin. Hemoglobin is essential for transferring oxygen in the blood from the lungs to the tissues. Myoglobin, in muscle cells, stores, transports and releases oxygen.Iron is also involved in the conversion of blood sugar to energy.The production of enzymes (which play a vital role in the production of new cells, amino acids, hormones and neurotransmitters) also depends on iron.The immune system is dependent on iron for its normal functioning. Iron also contributes to normal cognitive function in children.

Iron deficiency:

Iron deficiency develops gradually and usually begins with a negative iron balance when iron intake does not meet the daily need for dietary iron.The symptoms of moderate to severe iron deficiency anemia include:

• General fatigue

• Weakness

• Pale skin

• Shortness of breath

• Dizziness

• Strange cravings to eat items that aren’t food, such as dirt, ice, or clay

• A tingling or crawling feeling in the legs

• Tongue swelling or soreness

• Cold hands and feet

• Fast or irregular heartbeat

• Brittle nails

• Headaches

Causes of iron deficiency anemia:

According to the WHO, iron deficiency is the most common cause of anemia. There are many reasons why a person might become deficient in iron. These include:

1-Inadequate iron intake:
• Eating too little iron over an extended amount of time can cause a shortage in your body. Foods such as meat, eggs, and some green leafy vegetables are high in iron.Because iron is essential during times of rapid growth and development, pregnant women and young children may need even more iron-rich foods in their diet.

2-Blood loss due to menstruation:
• Heavy menstrual bleeding is on if the common causes of iron deficiency anemia in women.

3-Pregnancy and breastfeeding:
According to the National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute, an estimated 20 percent of women of childbearing age have iron deficiency anemia. Pregnant women are even more likely to have iron deficiency anemia because they require greater amounts of blood to support their growing babies.

4-Gastrointestinal bleeding or gastric surgery.

5-Intestinal malabsorption

6-Vegetarian diet

Risk factors:

Anemia is a common condition and can occur in both men and women of any age and from any ethnic group. Some people may be at greater risk of iron deficiency anemia than others, including:

•Women of childbearing age

•Pregnant women

•People with poor diets

•People who donate blood frequently

•Infants and children, especially those born prematurely or experiencing a growth spurt

• vegetarians who don’t replace meat with another iron-rich food If you’re at risk of iron deficiency anemia, talk to your doctor to determine if blood testing or dietary changes could benefit you.

Complications of iron deficiency anemia:

Most cases of iron deficiency anemia are mild and don’t cause complications. The condition can usually be corrected easily. However, if anemia or iron deficiency is left untreated, it can lead to other health problems. These include:Rapid or irregular heartbeat.

When you’re anemic, your heart has to pump more blood to make up for the low amount of oxygen. This can lead to irregular heartbeat. In severe cases, it can lead to heart failure or an enlarged heart.

Pregnancy complications in severe cases of iron deficiency, a child may be born prematurely or with a low birth weight. Most pregnant women take iron supplements as part of their prenatal care to prevent this from happening.

Delayed growth in infants and children infants and children who are severely deficient in iron may experience delayed growth and development. They may also be more prone to infections.

Element containing iron:

When caused by inadequate iron intake, iron deficiency anemia can be prevented by eating a diet high in iron-rich foods and vitamin C. Mothers should make sure to feed their babies breast milk or iron-fortified infant formula. Foods high in iron include:

• Meat, such as lamb, chicken, and beef

• Beans

• Pumpkin and squash seeds

• Leafy greens, such as spinach

• Raisins and other dried fruit

• Eggs

• Seafood, such as clams, sardines, shrimp, and oysters

•iron-fortified dry and instant cereals

Why Iron one as your iron dietary supplement?

A-Iron one contains Iron as iron chelate: 

1-iron chelate is a re small, organic chelated iron molecules that can pass easily through the intestinal wall.  so no negative side effect on the stomach or intestines such as bleeding or gastric abscess which are common with other form of iron.

2- chelated iron  molecule is ionically neutral — it carries no electrical charge. This neutrality ensures that the mineral does not react with other nutrients and is delivered to the intestine for absorption. 

3-iron chelate has been found to be 2.6 times safer than iron sulfate and safer than typical inorganic iron found in foods and dietary supplements. Iron cholate’s absorption is controlled by iron stores in the body, with greater amounts generally being absorbed by individuals with lower iron status. A body suffering iron-deficiency anemia may uptake 90 percent of the iron, while a body that is not iron deficient may only take up 10 percent — or just the amount that body needs enough to offset losses in metabolism.

4-In clinical research comparing inorganic iron to iron chelate, a significant number of study participants preferred iron chelate  and reported fewer instances of gastrointestinal (GI) upset than with ferrous sulfate, which is typically associated with gastric side effects such as constipation and nausea.

In resume :

• Small, stable molecule with no ionic charge: It is also a stable form of iron. Having no ion charge it dose not interact with other nutrients in the digestive system and is therefore well absorbed by the body. 

• Does not react with other nutrients

• Excellent Bio availability (easily & better absorbed): due to its low molecular weight. It is thus easily absorbed by the gut, making it bio available within the body.

• extremely Safe

• Less gastric upset, no constipation.

• vegetarian friendly   

Iron one contains also Vitamin B12, B6 and vitamin C which are important supports for better absorption of iron.The folic acid contained in our supplement is Quatrefolic, which is the latest generation of folate, is well tolerated and absorbed.

More about Quatrefolic
More about folic acid & folate